Argumentative Essay Guide

One of the most interesting and useful types of assignment is the argumentative essay. But to write it, you must have special skills and knowledge. Also, you need to define argumentative essay and its core elements. This guide will show you, through examples, how to create unique and engaging types of argumentative essay for maximum grade. It will help you understand the format and give tips on how to nail this assignment.

What Is an Argumentative Essay?

Arguments on a certain topic contain both supporting and opposing statements. But one side of the conflict has greater support from the author. The writer backs up their reasoning with logical examples and facts. The author’s task is to convince the reader of the correctness of their view on the issue without hushing up the negative aspects of the choice.

An argumentative essay is the conclusion of comprehensive research. The core argumentative essay elements are the writer’s position in the discord, evidence from the resources, and counterarguments that reflect the other side of the problem. Usually, they are presented in three components of an argumentative essay.

Only accurate information should be provided in this kind of assignment. The credibility of the argumentative essay will be doubtful if it includes a false fact. In addition, your claims and objections should be based on the knowledge gained during the preparation for writing the paper.

How to Start an Argumentative Essay

You need to prepare yourself for the discussion before you start creating the structure of argumentative essays. First, describe your opinion on the given question. Second, ask yourself which aspects are positive and negative. 

Brainstorm on the main points proving your argument beforehand. Pick the two strongest ideas to support your opinion and one item that opposes it. Make sure you explore different perspectives of the topic before you build an argumentative paragraph structure.

Argumentative Essay Outline

The outline for argumentative essay can be completely different depending on the needs of the author. But it must always have the fundamental elements:

  • introduction;
  • main argument (supporting argument);
  • objection (opposing argument);
  • reply (supporting argument);
  • conclusion.

The title of each part should reflect the main thesis or ask a question. But the answer to this question must be given in the corresponding section. The order and number of claims in the body part of the paper can be changed at the request of the author. Using the example above, you can create an effective argumentative essay outline.

Argumentative Essay Format 

The five-paragraph structure is a basic format of an argumentative essay. It consists of an introduction, three body paragraphs, and a conclusion. In the introduction, you describe the topic and catch the reader’s attention. 

Sometimes, the background paragraph is inserted after the introduction paragraph to define the key theories and terms of the topic. Body paragraphs consist of one opposing and two supporting arguments. The conclusion summarizes and reviews the main points. The structure for argumentative essay can be extended if the writer wants to put more arguments in it.

How to Make an Argumentative Essay

The last step before writing the text is an in-depth study of the topic you will be arguing about. Research is necessary because the assignment should convince people that the presented explanations are correct. These were the first necessary steps to write an argumentative essay.

Argumentative Essay Topics

A good type of argumentative essay must have specific topic characteristics. First, it should be important and interesting to the reader. Second, it should affect the basic values. Third, there must be material that can be researched and analyzed. Plus, sometimes, the topic must meet the criteria of the studied subject.

The format of argumentative essay topic should demonstrate why option A is better than option B. At the same time, the author needs to find positive aspects in both sides and carefully explain why they consider one of the options better.

The topic must match all of the elements of argumentative essay. This is why choosing it is such a difficult task. To make the process easier, you can take a ready-made topic or transform the one that you like.

Here are some examples of topics.

  • Paper vs. electronic books: Which textbooks are better?
  • Should people sacrifice privacy for safety? 
  • Do video games have a negative impact on children?
  • Can the death penalty be effective?

Start With Introduction for Argumentative Essay

The reader should be interested in understanding the issue. So, the author must structure the format for an argumentative essay in a way that is easy for readers to follow. The introduction to an argumentative essay must catch one’s attention from the start. Hook statements usually stand out by asking the audience a rhetorical question. 

The background information should point to the direction of the topic by presenting useful facts. This information is essential to understand your reasoning. But it must not give the main argument from the body part of the essay. The goal is to track the evidence you will present and to make a smooth transition to your thesis statement. The thesis statement is the last sentence of the introduction. It is a one-sentence statement that outlines your idea.

Argumentative Essay Body Paragraph

The standard body paragraph consists of three components of an argumentative essay. Each of them is responsible for a separate claim. The first is the main argument. It must state your points and defend them.

This idea needs to be based on information from the previous paragraph (introduction) and relate to the thesis. You should back it up with a logical explanation, examples, and facts that will reinforce your topic sentence. When all the evidence has been submitted, you need to end the paragraph with a sentence that will summarize and restate your argument. All subsequent paragraphs with arguments may follow the same structure. 

Opposing and supportive arguments should be the next two elements of argumentative essay. The difference in opposing arguments is that your task is to write the strongest objection that you can think of. Any skeptic will receive an answer to the objection in the reply paragraph. The reply will help defend the main argument.

Argumentative Essay Conclusion

The first sentence of the conclusion paragraph argumentative essay must be a paraphrase of the thesis statement. It should be presented to the reader as a proven point.

Make a short summary of the evidence about the case. It reminds of the validity of your opinion and creates a coherent picture for the audience. Yet, do not include any new ideas in the concluding paragraph. The last sentence should be a conclusion for argumentative essay. Make it sound important and memorable.

Simple Tips for Argumentative Essay

Here are some tips that can help you write effective and interesting types of argumentative essays.

  • Pick a topic that has potential objections.
  • Remember about the balance in your essay and gather accurate information about the opposing side.
  • Double-check the facts that are used in your essay.
  • Avoid mentioning too detailed and specific information in the conclusion for an argumentative essay.
  • Indicate all the sources that are used in your research in the list of references at the end of the paper. 
  • Ask somebody to proofread your essay.

Argumentative Essay Example

The fastest and most effective way to learn how to write your paper is to study an example. If you use the example as a cheat sheet, it will be much easier to sketch your outline for an argumentative essay. Here’s an argumentative essay example:

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